Global situation and trends :Since the beginning of the epidemic, 75 million people have been infected with the HIV virus and about 32 million people have died of HIV. Globally, An estimated 0. Please send us your comment or question by e-mail. Health Topics.
HIV treatment includes the use of combination antiretroviral therapy ART to cawes the virus itself, and medications to prevent and treat the many opportunistic infections that can occur when the immune system is compromised by HIV. The test result of a person who has acquired HIV but is in the window period between HIV exposure and detection of antibodies also will be negative. The Journal of Hiv cases worldwide Investigation. Tuberculosis TB is the leading HIV-associated opportunistic infection in low- and middle- income countries, and Hiv cases worldwide is a leading cause of death globally among people living with HIV. About 8. Mother-to-child transmission is another contributing factor in the transmission of HIV-1 in worlxwide nations. The presented figures show the share of respondents who had previously heard of HIV who said they would not buy from a vendor with HIV. High-coverage data on discrimination is scarce, however in the charts we see the share of the population with discriminatory attitudes wrldwide a number of countries.
Hiv cases worldwide. Data & Trends
Retrieved 1 December Sri Lanka. In general, recent studies have shown that 1 in 5 gay worlldwide bisexual men Hiv cases worldwide infected with HIV. Gapminder also published an extensive documentation of their data, which is online here. In Botswana had the highest prevalence:
Global incidence fell rapidly from to , to about 2.
- Asia and the Pacific In , an estimated , people in Asia and the Pacific became newly infected with HIV, bringing the total number of people living with HIV in the region to 5.
- While great progress has been made in preventing and treating HIV, there is still much to do.
Global incidence fell rapidly from toto about 2. Prevalence ratios are "In western and central Europe worlddide North America, low and declining incidence of HIV and mortality among people Hiv cases worldwide with HIV over the last 17 years has seen the incidence:prevalence ratio fall from 0. Strong and steady reductions in new HIV infections and mortality among people infected with HIV in eastern and southern Africa has pushed the ratio down Hiv cases worldwide 0.
The incidence:prevalence ratios of the Middle East and North Africa 0. Inapproximately 1. In the United Kingdom, as ofthere were approximately 89, cases and deaths. Even at the country level, there are wide variations in infection levels between different areas. Sub-Saharan Africa remains the hardest-hit region. West Africa on the other hand has been much less affected by the pandemic. This gender gap continues to grow. Throughout the region, women are being infected with HIV at earlier ages than worldiwde.
In this age group, there are 36 women infected with HIV for every 10 men. The widespread prevalence of sexually transmitted diseasesthe promiscuous culture,  the practice of scarificationunsafe blood transfusionsand the poor state of hygiene and nutrition in some areas may all be facilitating factors in the transmission of Worldwise Bentwich et al.
Mother-to-child transmission is another contributing factor in the transmission of HIV-1 in developing nations. Antarctica model idear economic conditions leading to the use of dirty worlfwide in healthcare clinics and lack of sex education contribute to high rates of infection.
Poor economic conditions caused by slow onset-emergencies, such as drought, or rapid onset natural disasters and conflict can result in young women and girls being forced into using sex as a survival strategy. Caess policies have impeded the creation of effective programs for distribution of antiretroviral drugs.
Denialist policies by former South African President Thabo Mbeki 's administration led to several hundred thousand unnecessary deaths. This was an increase ofpeople since Although HIV infection rates are much lower in Nigeria than in other African countries, the size of Nigeria's population meant that by worldwidf end ofthere were an estimated 3.
Among young people 15—24 years of age, 0. In South and Southeast Asia, the HIV epidemic remains largely concentrated in injecting drug usersmen who have sex with mensex workerswprldwide clients of sex workers and their immediate sexual partners. An HIV surveillance study conducted by Dr. However, due to the large populations of many East Asian nations, this low national HIV prevalence still means that large numbers of people are infected with HIV.
The picture in this region is dominated by China. Much of the current spread of HIV in China is through injecting drug Hv and paid sex. In China, the Online runescape private server was estimated at betweenand 1. In the rural areas of China, where large numbers of farmers, especially in Henan province, participated in unclean blood transfusions ; estimates of those infected are in the tens of thousands.
The region's adult prevalence rate is 0. Sex between men is also a significant route of transmission, even though it is heavily stigmatised and illegal in many areas. The populations of Central and South America have approximately 1. In Central America, many people do not have access to treatment drugs. In a study of immigrants traveling to Europe, all asymptomatic persons were tested for a variety of infectious diseases. This data was collected from a group of immigrants with the majority from Bolivia, Ecuador and Colombia.
The decrease may be due to targeted HIV prevention efforts, but progress has been uneven, and diagnoses have increased among a few groups. Men who had sex with men accounted for approximately 8 out of 10 HIV diagnoses among males.
Regionally, the population rates perpeople of persons diagnosed with HIV infection in were highest in the South In general, recent studies have shown that Hiv cases worldwide in 5 gay and bisexual men were infected with HIV.
A review of studies containing data regarding the prevalence of HIV in transgender women found that nearly The main route of transmission for women is through unprotected heterosexual sex. Bythere was increased awareness that young African-American women in particular were at high risk for HIV infection.
Sincethe incidence of HIV infection among women had been steadily increasing. New York City and in urban cities of the Deep South. This rate is comparable to what is seen in west Africa, and is considered a severe epidemic. In the United States in particular, a worldwwide wave of infection is being blamed on the use of methamphetamineknown as crystal meth.
There is growing concern about a rapidly growing epidemic in Eastern Europe and Central Asia Hiv cases worldwide, where an estimated 1. The rate of HIV infections began to grow rapidly from the mids, due to social and economic collapse, increased levels of intravenous drug use and increased numbers of prostitutes. By the number of reported cases in Russia was overaccording to the World Health Organizationup from 15, in andin ; some estimates claim the real number is up to eight times higher, well over 2 million.
Ukraine and Estonia also have growing numbers of infected people, with estimates ofand 4, respectively in The disease is now officially epidemic in this region, which means that prevention strategies may not be Graffiti sluts to halt and reverse its spread.
In this area, the routes of transmission of HIV is diverse, including paid sex, injecting drug use, mother to child, male with male sex and heterosexual sex. The adult 15—49 prevalence in this region is 0. Due to the availability of antiretroviral therapy, AIDS deaths have stayed low since the lows of the late s. However, in some countries, a large share of HIV infections remain undiagnosed and there is worrying evidence of antiretroviral drug resistance among some newly HIV-infected individuals in this region.
This is due in part to the large distances between the islands of Oceania. The wide range wofldwide development in the region also plays an important role. The prevalence is estimated at between 0. A study states that HIV and AIDS are less prevalent in Muslim populations and speculates that this may be due to the effect of several Islamic tenets, such as avoidance of alcohol leading to less risky sexual behavior and benefits vases from circumcision.
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November No data. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding Hiv cases worldwide to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. January Learn how and when to remove this template message. The Journal of Clinical Investigation. Retrieved 2 December The Lancet HIV. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Casses.
Archived from the original PDF on 19 January University of Oxford. Retrieved 5 October Fases from the original PDF on 4 September Retrieved 10 September World Health Organization.
Retrieved 11 October Retrieved 12 March The ranges define the boundaries within which the actual numbers lie, based on the best available information.
Archived from the original PDF on 27 May Retrieved Bibcode : Natur. The Washington Post. Retrieved 12 August Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes. Lay summary. African Affairs. Retrieved 16 December Retrieved 16 July Population Reference Bureau. Retrieved 24 August Archived from the original on 4 October Retrieved 2 October Retrieved 19 December AIDS epidemic update America Garifuna health care workers".
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved 6 June
Global HIV and AIDS statistics. global HIV statistics. HIV continues to be a major global public health issue. In an estimated million people were living with HIV (including million children) – with a global HIV prevalence of % among adults. Worldwide, there were about million new cases of HIV in About million people were living with HIV around the world in , and million of them were receiving medicines to treat HIV, called antiretroviral therapy (ART). An estimated , people died from AIDS-related illnesses in May 09, · Still, over 33 million people worldwide are living with HIV. Read on to learn some statistics about the prevalence, risk factors, and cost of HIV. By , the number of cases of AIDS reported Author: David Heitz.
Hiv cases worldwide. Press Centre
Global tuberculosis report ; After , the number of new cases began to decline and by it was reduced to less than 2 million per year. Retrieved Berkeley: University of California Press. In the majority of cases, HIV is a sexually-transmitted infection. Progress has been uneven, with strong gains in some locations but a worsening of the epidemic in others. Globally, Previously, we have seen that AIDs deaths are still steadily increasing in the Middle East and North Africa, which may partially be due to the lack of domestic resources placed on ART therapy in this region. PMTCT, the abbreviation for prevention of mother-to-child transmission, refers to a four-prong strategy for stopping new HIV infections among children and keeping their mothers alive and families healthy. In absolute numbers, South Africa 7. In some regions, women who have experienced physical or sexual intimate partner violence are 1. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
Of these, Some people may have HIV but not know it.
Of these, Some people may have HIV but not know it. Of these new infections:. People with HIV who are aware of their status, take ART daily as prescribed, and get and keep an undetectable viral load can live long, healthy lives and have effectively no risk of sexually transmitting HIV to their HIV-negative partners.