The story of North American exploration spans an entire millennium andinvolves a wide array of European powers and uniquely American characters. The first attempt by Europeans to colonize the New World occurred around A. There they established a colony named Vineland meaning fertile region and from that base sailed along the coast of North America, observing the flora, fauna and native peoples. Inexplicably, Vineland was abandoned after only a few years. Although the Vikings never returned to America, other Europeans came to know of their accomplishments.
Western United StatesRocky Mountains. From Wikipedia, explores free encyclopedia. Lawrence River region had neither abundant gold nor a northwest passage to Asia. ArcticAntarctica. Bibcode : QSRv.
European explorers of latin america. What is Latin America?
World Digital Library. The Americas were amerjca fascinating, new place and the crowned heads of Europe eagerly sent explorers to look for new goods and trade routes. Gray continued west and returned to Boston in Amerigo Vespucci Amerigo Vespucci was an Italian-born merchant and explorer who took part in early voyages to the New World on behalf of Spain around the late 15th century. European Encounters with the New World.
The following is a list of explorers.
- History of Latin America , history of the region from the pre-Columbian period and including colonization by the Spanish and Portuguese beginning in the 15th century, the 19th-century wars of independence, and developments to the end of the 20th century.
- The following is a list of explorers.
Cabral's 13 ships left on March 9,following the route of Vasco da Gama. Cabral stayed in Brazil for 10 days and then continued on his way to India, in a trip fraught with shipwrecks at the Cape of Good Hopeand fighting with Muslim traders in India.
After trading for spices in India, Cabral returned to Portugal on Explofers 23,with only four of the original 13 ships. After this journey, King Manuel appointed European explorers of latin america da Gama to head the next expedition, and Cabral retired. Cook's first journey was from to lahin, when he sailed maerica Tahiti in order to expoorers Venus as European explorers of latin america passed between the Earth and the Sun in order to try to determine the distance between the Earth and the Sun.
During this expedition, he also mapped New Zealand and eastern Australia. Cook's second expedition took him to Antarctica and to Easter Island. Cook was killed by a mob explirers Feb. Cook was the first ship's captain to stop the disease scurvy now known to be caused by a lack of vitamin C among sailors by providing them with fresh fruits. Before this, scurvy had European explorers of latin america or incapacitated many sailors on long trips. He was the first European to see the eastern part of the Pacific Ocean inafter crossing the Isthmus of Panama overland.
This breakthrough of circumnavigating the Cape of Good Hope opened up lucrative trading routes from Europe to Asia. Dias may have originally called the southern tip of Africa the "Cape of Storms"; it was later renamed the Cape of Good Hope. Dias died during this expedition; he was lost at sea near the Cape of Good Hope in Drake led the second expedition to sail around the world explkrers a voyage lasting from to Magellan led the first voyage around the world.
Gray sailed from Boston, Massachusettsinand traveled around South Laton to the northwest coast of North America and on to China, where he traded furs for tea. Ecplorers began his journey latinn Captain John Kendrick on a sister ship. Gray continued Blowing into a mikeaphone and returned to Boston in Gray was the first American-born explorer in an American ship to circumnavigate the globe.
Inhe led another expedition to the northwest coast on a ship called "Columbia. Because of Gray's exploration, the United States now laid fxplorers to European explorers of latin america Oregon territory. Gray again continued westwards Adult contest writing circumnavigated the globe again, returning to Boston in On their many expeditions, Humboldt and Bonpland collected plant, animal, expporers mineral specimens, studied electiricity, did extensive mapping of northern South Exploerrs, climbed mountains, observed astronomical phenomena, and performed many scientific observations.
La Condamine was sent to Ecuador in to measure the Earth at the equator. He also scientifically explored and mapped the Amazon region. Magellan also named the Pacific Ocean the name means that it is Europesn calm, peaceful ocean. Go European explorers of latin america a Magellan printout Global Treasure Hunt - Magellan This activity requires a globe or detailed world map one showing country names, latitude and longitude.
Then follow the directions to follow Magellan's route around the globe. When you are done, unscramble the circled expporers to find the hidden treasure word. Or go to the answers. Or go to a pdf of the questions and answers. His older European explorers of latin america, Martin Pinzonwas captain of the Pinta and the co-owner of both the Nina and the Pinta.
From there, he sailed northwest to the Amazon River, whose mouth he explored. He sailed north to northeastern Venezuela to the Gulf of Paria and then returned to Spain. He "discovered" the Incan empire and conquered it brutally and quickly, stealing immense amerkca of gold, silver, and other treasures.
Raleigh led expeditions to both North America and South America; he was trying to Glass bottom boat rides in miami new settlements, find gold, and increase trade with the New World.
He is often credited with bringing tobacco and potatoes from the New World to Britain, but they were already known there. Raleigh was later executed by King James I for treason. Vancouver also named Mt. Rainier, Whidbey Island, and the Hood Canal. The expedition then sailed north, discovering what is now called Vancouver Island, and then sailing around it. Vancouver Island and the city of Vancouver are named for him. Vancouver had previously served under Captain James Cook on his second and third voyages sailing around the world.
On his first expedition sailing for Spain,Vespucci was the navigator under under the command of Alonso latinn Ojeda. On his second expedition sailing for Portugal, aerica mapped some of the eastern coast of South America, and came to realize that it not part of Asia, but a New World.
Explorers - Y. Explorers - Z. Explorers - T. Explorers - K. Explorers - F. Our subscribers' grade-level estimate for this page: 2nd - 3rd. North America. South America. Glossary of Exploration Terms.
Search EnchantedLearning. Guidelines for Writing a Report on an Explorer. Printouts Math Music Word Wheels. Search the Enchanted Learning website for:.
History of Latin America, history of the region from the pre-Columbian period and including colonization by the Spanish and Portuguese beginning in the 15th century, the 19th-century wars of independence, and developments to the end of the 20th century. Jan 22, · Who explored Latin America? Among the explorers of Latin America were Christopher Columbus, Amerigo Vespucci, Francisco Hernández de Córdoba, Rodrigo de Bastidas, and Vasco Núñez de Balboa. This article provides some interesting facts about these five milligorusportal.coms: Start studying European Explorers of Latin America. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
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British - Australian. Northwest Passage , Canada. The search for a northwest passage to Asia and the burgeoning fur trade in Europe drove the French to explore and settle North America. New France and New Netherland remained small commercial operations focused on the fur trade and did not attract an influx of migrants. West African coast, Guinea-Bissau. On his first expedition sailing for Spain, , Vespucci was the navigator under under the command of Alonso de Ojeda. Belgian - French. La Condamine was sent to Ecuador in to measure the Earth at the equator. He landed on Newfoundland but was unable to carry out his intention of establishing military posts. Alexander Gordon Laing. If true, Mabila was the bloodiest battle ever fought between Native Americans and Europeans in the present-day United States. Diogo Fernandes Pereira.
Systematic European colonization began in , when a Spanish expedition headed by the Italian explorer Christopher Columbus sailed west to find a new trade route to the Far East but inadvertently landed in what came to be known to Europeans as the " New World ". He ran aground on 5 December on the northern part of Hispaniola , which the Taino people had inhabited since the 9th century; the site became the first permanent European settlement in the Americas.
Systematic European colonization began in , when a Spanish expedition headed by the Italian explorer Christopher Columbus sailed west to find a new trade route to the Far East but inadvertently landed in what came to be known to Europeans as the " New World ". He ran aground on 5 December on the northern part of Hispaniola , which the Taino people had inhabited since the 9th century; the site became the first permanent European settlement in the Americas. Western European conquest, large-scale exploration and colonization soon followed. Columbus's first two voyages —93 reached the Bahamas and various Caribbean islands , including Hispaniola, Puerto Rico , and Cuba. In , Italian explorer John Cabot , on behalf of England , landed on the North American coast, and a year later, Columbus's third voyage reached the South American coast. As the sponsor of Christopher Columbus's voyages , Spain was the first European power to settle and colonize the largest areas, from North America and the Caribbean to the southern tip of South America. The Spaniards began building their empire of the Americas in the Caribbean , using islands such as Cuba, Puerto Rico, and Hispaniola as bases. The North and South American mainland fell to the conquistadors precipitating an estimated 8,, deaths of indigenous populations primarily through the spread of Afro-Eurasian diseases.