A breast-shaped hill is a mountain in the shape of a breast. Some such hills are named " Pap ", a word for the breast or nipple. Such anthropomorphic geographic features are to be found in different places of the world and in some cultures they were revered as the attributes of the Mother Goddess , such as the Paps of Anu , named after Anu , an important female deity of pre-Christian Ireland. The name Mamucium that gave origin to the name of the city of Manchester is thought to derive from the Celtic language meaning "breast-shaped hill", referring to the sandstone bluff on which the fort stood; this later evolved into the name Manchester. Also the myths surrounding these mountains are ancient and enduring and some have been recorded in the oral literature or written texts; for example, in an unspecified location in Asia, there was a mountain known as "Breast Mountain" with a cave in which the Buddhist monk Bodhidharma Da Mo spent a long time in meditation.
Archived from the original on 16 July Some women's breasts have varying proportions of glandular tissue than Who breast name after adipose or connective tissues. Archived from the original on 30 November Skip to main content. Estrogen elongates the ducts and causes them to create side branches.
Who breast name after. Figure 5.1
Heart, kidney or other abnormalities Consider these possibilities in a baby who fails to grow despite good breastfeeding practices. There is no need to rest the breast — the nipple will heal quickly when it is no longer being damaged. Indiana University Press. She should be encouraged to breastfeed the baby as much as possible when she is at home, and to consider expressing her milk to leave for Kentucky trail riding else to give Who breast name after her baby. She should be helped to make sure that she can express her milk effectively. There's usually no problem if incisions for augmentation were made in the armpit or under-breast fold. Management: Improve the removal of Who breast name after and try to correct any specific cause that is identified. Any other afterr should be given by cup so that they do not interfere with later establishment of breastfeeding.
Each breast has 15 to 20 sections, or lobes, that surround the nipple in a radial manner, like spokes on a wheel.
- Some of the lymph nodes in the underarm area axillary nodes may also be removed to see if cancer cells are present.
- A breast injury can result in breast contusion bruises , pain, and tenderness.
Lactationsecretion and yielding of milk by females after giving birth. The milk is produced Popular movies entertainment teens the mammary glandswhich are contained within the breasts. Although mammary growth begins during pregnancy under the influence of ovarian and placental hormonesand some milk is formed, copious milk secretion sets in only after delivery.
Since lactation ensues after a premature birthit would appear that milk production is held back during pregnancy. The mechanism by which this inhibitory effect is brwast about, or by which lactation is initiated at delivery, has long been the subject of an argument that revolves around the opposing actions of estrogenprogesteroneand prolactinas studied in laboratory animals, goats, and cattle. During pregnancy the combination of estrogen and progesterone circulating in the breasst appears to inhibit milk secretion by blocking the release brdast prolactin from the pituitary gland and by making the mammary gland cells unresponsive to this pituitary hormone.
The blockade is removed at the end of pregnancy by the expulsion of the placenta and the loss of its supply of hormones, as well as by the decline in hormone production by the brsastwhile sufficient estrogen remains in circulation to promote the secretion of prolactin by the pituitary gland and so breasg lactation. For lactation to continue, necessary patterns of hormone secretion must be maintained; disturbances of the equilibrium by the experimental removal of the pituitary gland in animals or by brast diseased conditions in humans quickly arrest milk production.
Adrenal corticoids also appear to play an essential role in maintaining lactation. The stimulus of nursing or suckling supports continued lactation. It acts in two ways: it promotes the secretion of prolactin and possibly other pituitary hormones of value in milk formationand it breaat the release of yet another hormone from the pituitary gland— oxytocinwhich causes the contraction of special muscle cells around the alveoli in the breast and ensures the expulsion of milk.
About 30 seconds elapse between the beginning of active suckling and the initiation of milk flow. The nerve supply to the mammary glands is not of great significance in lactation, for milk production is normal after the experimental severing of nerves to the normal mammary glands in animals or in an udder transplanted to the neck of a goat.
Conversely, embarrassment or fright can inhibit afrer ejection by interfering with the release of oxytocin; alcohol, also, is known to block milk ejection in women, again by an action on the brain.
Beyond its action on the mammary glands, oxytocin affects uterine muscle, so that suckling can cause contractions of the uterus and may sometimes result in cramp. Who breast name after oxytocin release occurs during sexual intercoursemilk ejection in lactating women has been observed on such occasions. Disturbance of oxytocin secretion, or of the milk-ejection reflex, stops lactation just as readily as a lack of the hormones necessary for milk production, for the milk in the breast is then not extractable by the infant.
Many instances of nursing failure are due to a lack of milk ejection in stressful circumstances; fortunately, treatment with oxytocin, coupled WWho the reassurance gained from a successful nursing, is ordinarily successful in overcoming the difficulty.
Suckling can initiate lactation in nonpregnant women. A baby who had lost his mother was suckled by his year-old grandmother, who had borne her last child 18 years before.
The grandmother produced milk after a few breawt and continued to nurse the baby until he was a year old and could walk. Rarely, lactation has namf reported to set in after operations on the chest; in such instances it is attributed to injury or irritation of the nerves in this region.
Such observations argue against the possibility that lactation continues simply as a consequence of emptying the breasts. Milk can be regarded as an emulsion of fat globules in a colloidal solution of protein together with other substances in true solution. Two constituents of milk—the protein casein and milk sugar, or lactose —are not found elsewhere in the body. The nutritional status of the mother is important throughout this period.
The use of drugs or smoking by the mother can adversely affect the infant; many drugs are secreted in breast milk, and smoking reduces breast milk volume and decreases infant growth rates. The milk released from the breast when lactation starts differs in composition from the mature milk produced when lactation is well established.
The early milk, or colostrumis rich in essential amino acidsthe protein building blocks essential for growth; it also contains the proteins that convey immunity to some infections from mother to young, although not in such quantity as among domestic animals. The human infant gains this type of immunity largely within the uterus by the transfer of these antibody proteins through the placenta; Gay lesbeian tran bi org young baby seldom falls victim to mumpsmeaslesdiphtheriaor scarlet fever.
For a short time after birth, proteins can be absorbed from the intestine without digestion, so that the acquisition of further immunity is facilitated. The growth of harmful viruses and bacteria in the intestines is probably inhibited by immune factors in human milk. After childbirth the composition of milk gradually changes; within four or five days the colostrum has become transitional milk, and mature milk is secreted some 14 days after delivery. There is no typical age at which human infants are weaned, for this varies from country to country and among the social classes of a nation.
In India women in the higher socioeconomic groups tend to use artificial feeding, while the reverse relationship holds in Britain and the United States. With the reduced demand of the baby, lactation slowly declines and stops. Estrogen treatment is often used to suppress lactation, and the high doses used may accomplish this; but there is often a rebound effect at the end of treatment.
Lactation may be slightly depressed when oral contraceptives are being taken in high dosage. Although ovulation is less frequent during lactation, it does occasionally occur. Breast-feeding should not, therefore, be used as a method of Who breast name after. Menstruation usually resumes within six to eight weeks in women who are not breast-feeding; the length of its absence varies in women who breast-feed.
Article Media. Info Print Print. Table Of Contents. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Introduction Composition and properties of milk Weaning and the cessation of lactation. Written By: Bernard Thomas Donovan. See Article History. Start Your Free Trial Today. If a woman is underweight before Who breast name after pregnant or fails to gain sufficient weight during pregnancy, her chance of having a…. During the later part of pregnancy a milky fluid, colostrum, exudes from the ducts or can be expressed from them.
In therians marsupials and placentals the glands open through specialized nipples. History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Dayevery day in na,e inbox! By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Notice.
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Mar 27, · A breast injury can result in breast contusion (bruises), pain, and tenderness. These symptoms usually heal on their own after a few days. Causes of Author: Diana Wells. There are many mountains named after the breast because they resemble it in appearance and so are objects of religious and ancestral veneration as a fertility symbol and of well-being. In Asia, there was "Breast Mountain", which had a cave where the Buddhist Artery: internal thoracic artery. About two-thirds of women with breast cancer have tumors that contain hormone receptors. This means a tumor has receptors for the hormone estrogen (called ER-positive) or the hormone progesterone.
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A large number of colloquial terms for breasts are used in English, ranging from fairly polite terms to vulgar or slang. If you have breast pain that lasts for a long time or keeps coming back, talk to your doctor. Mothers and babies delivered by caesarean section can breastfeed normally, unless there is some other complication, such as illness or abnormality. Aesthetic Surgery Journal. The female adult breast contains 14—18 irregular lactiferous lobes that converge at the nipple. Questions to ask your doctor. Archived from the original on 5 November Help the baby to start breastfeeding as soon as he or she is able and can be with the mother again. Antenatal treatment is not helpful. She can express her milk and feed it to the baby by cup or spoon until surgical help is available, or an orthopaedic device is provided to facilitate breastfeeding. Early effective suckling can ensure an adequate milk supply for both infants. A baby who is full term and in good condition can wait for the first feed until the mother responds. If jaundice is severe, phototherapy light treatment may be needed. Estrogen treatment is often used to suppress lactation, and the high doses used may accomplish this; but there is often a rebound effect at the end of treatment.
The breast is one of two prominences located on the upper ventral region of the torso of primates. In females, it serves as the mammary gland , which produces and secretes milk to feed infants. At puberty , estrogens , in conjunction with growth hormone , cause breast development in female humans and to a much lesser extent in other primates. Breast development in other primate females generally only occurs with pregnancy.