Older Hispanics with diabetes are a vulnerable sub-population of interest because of their increased susceptibility to chronic diseases like obesity, diabetes, and hypertension American Heart Association [AHA], , health disparities, and challenges for management. Census Bureau, , the study of diabetes in this population is crucial. The ADA reports the rates of diagnosed diabetes by race or ethnic background. While only 7. Other high-risk ethnic groups are non-Hispanic blacks
Other research showed that Ameticans women are at substantially lower risk for vertebral Latino americans profile. National Diabetes Statistics Report, As in the general population, hypertension rates were significantly higher Free clits videos females than among males. The demographics of Hispanic Laatino Latino Americans depict a Latino americans profile that is the second-largest ethnic group in the United States52 million people or Pew Research Center does not take policy positions. Briefs and Publications. Newbury Park, CA: Sage; To complete the subscription process, please click the link in the email we just sent you. Acculturation, adaption, or assimilation may occur at a personal level, with variability of its extent, even within the same social group. Census Bureau".
Latino americans profile. Navigation menu
Daviglus, M. Another study on 3, stroke-free adults, of whom Latino americans profile percent were Hispanic, and 22 percent had diabetes Dhamoon et al. The development of chronic disease begins with health behaviors and conditions at younger ages. Health Disparities Data Widget. Vital and Health Statistics. Race and Hispanic Origin.
- The Census Bureau uses the terms Hispanic and Latino interchangeably.
- By , this could be nearly 1 in 4.
NCBI Bookshelf. Kyriakos S. MarkidesLaura RudkinRonald J. Angeland David V. Hispanics represent one of the fastest growing segments of America's elderly population. Although Hispanics accounted for only 3. The future increases in the numbers and americanx of elderly Hispanics will be fueled by the recent rapid growth in the total number of U. Persons of Hispanic origin numbered During the s, this population increased by 53 percent, considerably faster than the general population.
By far the largest segment of the Hispanic population A variety of other Hispanic populations originating in various Central and South American countries live principally in the Northeast. The elderly Hispanic population in the United States reflects this diversity, although the distribution across subgroups differs in the older population.
The relatively large proportion of Cuban-origin elders is due to the older age distribution of this subgroup. In general, Hispanics are a relatively youthful population, with only 5 percent being 65 and older Bureau of the Census,but that proportion varies markedly across the ethnic subgroups. Less than 5 percent of Americajs Americans and Puerto Ricans are in the elderly age group, whereas 17 percent of Cuban Americans are elderly Bureau of the Census, Rpofile limited gerontological research on older Hispanics has tended to focus on the importance of the strength of family ties and how these might be changing with greater industrialization, urbanization, and the acculturation of younger generations into the larger society Angel and Hogan, ; Bastida, ; Lacayo, ; Markides and Martin, ; Americqns, ; Sotomayor and Garcia, Despite increases in education and acculturation across generations, the elderly in various Hispanic groups appear to enjoy good relationships with their children Markides et al.
Other research has pointed out the needs of Hispanic elderly for health and social services, has profille the importance of linguistic and cultural barriers to adequate service provision, and has discussed the need for culturally Publicinvasion freak health care and social services e.
The literature on the non-Cuban Hispanic elderly has emphasized their low education, low incomes, and generally low political power and socioeconomic standing in society e. As early asregional epidemiological evidence suggested that Spanish surnamed persons largely Mexican Americans had a life expectancy only slightly below that of Anglos Dave chappele gay landscaper markedly higher than that of blacks Bradshaw and Fonner, ; Schoen and Nelson, ; Siegel and Passel, Regional data for indicated that the already small Hispanic-Anglo gap in life expectancy had narrowed even further California Center for Health Statistics, ; Gillespie and Sullivan, For the periodHispanics in the age group 65 to 74 experienced 1, deaths perpopulation.
In comparison, non-Hispanic whites had a death rate of 2, and blacks a death rate of 3, A recent analysis of the National Longitudinal Mortality Study has added further evidence of a favorable mortality and health situation for Hispanics. This prospective study has found lower death rates for middle-aged 45 to 64 and older 65 and over Hispanics than for non-Hispanic whites Sorlie et al.
Ltino, for every 10 deaths among non-Hispanic white males and females aged 65 or older, Hispanic males experienced 7. Adjustments for income did not influence the relative mortality risks of older women. The analysis by Sorlie et al. These data, however, were confined to 1 year in one city, San Latino americans profile.
The americxns data on mortality from specific cancers are consistent with previous data suggesting that Hispanics have a relatively lower incidence of major cancers, such as lung, colon, breast, and prostate cancers.
At the same time, it has been found that Hispanics have a higher incidence of stomach, liver, gallbladder, and cervical cancer, all generally low-incidence cancers not considered separately in the analysis by Sorlie and colleagues. For discussions of cancer incidence in Hispanic populations, see Gutierrez-Ramirez et al.
The analysis of the National Longitudinal Mortality Study did identify excess risk for Hispanics on two main causes of death. Consistent with past research, Sorlie et al. Whereas this finding was expected for males, the female excess is a surprise because of the relatively low alcohol Amateur web design rates among Hispanic women Black and Markides, Of the three major Hispanic groups, Puerto Ricans appear to have the highest age-adjusted mortality rates and Cuban Americans the lowest Rosenwaike, ; Sorlie et al.
The excess mortality among New York City Puerto Ricans is primarily due to higher Latino americans profile rates from homicide and from cirrhosis of the liver Rosenwaike and Hempstead, Comparisons among Hispanic groups also reveal that the Mexican-origin population has higher mortality from accidents, but lower suicide rates than the populations of Cuban and Puerto Rican origin.
Puerto Ricans have the highest death rate from cirrhosis of the liver, and the populations of both Puerto Rican and Mexican origin have higher death rates from diabetes than do Cuban Americans. The mortality profile of Cuban Americans by cause of death is generally similar to that of the non-Hispanic white population Rosenwaike, The generally favorable mortality and health profile of Hispanics has been attributed both to possible protective cultural factors and to selective immigration.
It is Latin increasingly evident that immigrants tend to anericans healthier than native-born persons at any age Stephen et al. Foreign-born Hispanic males experience significantly lower death amerlcans in middle and old age than do native-born Hispanic males, whereas among females, death rates are significantly lower for the foreign born only in middle age Sorlie et al.
However, even when place of birth is adjusted for, Hispanic rates remained lower for men and women in middle age and for men in old age. The development of chronic disease begins with health behaviors and conditions at younger ages. Some studies report that Hispanics have higher prevalence than Anglos Mitchell et al. Cholesterol levels among Hispanics have been reported to be lower than Anglos Mitchell et al. Acculturation has been shown to be associated with risk factors for chronic Latino americans profile.
Acculturation Harley twin cam oil cooler also been found to be negatively related to both diabetes and obesity Hazuda et al. Unpublished data from the recently conducted Hispanic Established Populations for prfile Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly EPESE that covered 3, Mexican Americans aged 65 and over from the five southwestern states conducted by the authors do not support the notion that rates of hypertension are lower among Mexican Americans, at least among the elderly.
Data from this representative sample indicate that approximately 44 percent of Mexican-American elderly report being hypertensive having been told by a doctor compared with approximately 39 percent in a national sample interviewed in National Center for Health Statistics, As amwricans the general population, hypertension rates were significantly higher among females than among males.
Among Mexican-American males, as among males in the general population, the prevalence of hypertension declines somewhat from ages 65 to 74 to ages 75 and over. Female rates, in contrast, show a slight increase, suggesting the operation of greater selective survival among males at profilee ages. Another factor that may be related to low rates of both heart disease and cancer mortality in Mexican Americans is the population's traditionally low cigarette smoking Latini.
Among males, however, these rates have gone up in recent years and are now equal to, if not higher than, other groups Haynes et al. Hispanic females have relatively low smoking rates, but these increase with acculturation Coreil et al. Data from the Hispanic Dogs deslorelin ovulation Rogers, show that smoking rates among Puerto Ricans in the Northeast have increased substantially in recent years and may very well translate into Columbus ohio sex partner rates of heart disease and smoking-related cancers.
These data show high smoking rates among males in all three major Hispanic populations Mexican Americans, mainland Puerto Ricans, and Cuban Americans.
However, Mexican-American males smoke significantly fewer cigarettes compared with males in the Spokane concrete supplies population and other Larino males. Alcohol consumption is another important health behavior to consider.
As mentioned earlier, Mexican-American and Puerto Rican men have high mortality from cirrhosis of the liver, which is Vickie blows related to heavy use of alcohol. Data for Mexican-American men indicate continued heavy use into late middle age, but rather low rates of consumption in old age Markides et al, ; Rogers, Mexican-American women have low alcohol use, with alcohol consumption being positively associated with acculturation, at least among younger women Black and Markides, Of the three Hispanic groups, Puerto Rican Americans exhibit the highest consumption of hard liquor at any age and in both genders Rogers, For example, both Mexican Americans and Puerto Ricans profilee high Latono of diabetes.
Various research projects have shown that the prevalence rate of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus is two to five times greater among Mexican Americans than among the general population. Higher prevalence is present in all age groups, with the risk being highest in older Mexican-American women Stern and Haffner, Factors related to the high prevalence of diabetes in Hispanics include high rates of obesity and high levels of poverty.
However, even after these factors are controlled for, Mexican Americans have substantially higher rates of diabetes than non-Hispanic whites. There has been speculation that genetic factors are involved, related to the high degree of American Indian admixture found in Mexican Americans Diehl and Stern, ; Stern and Haffner, Puerto Ricans also have significant rates of Indian admixture as well as a significant degree of African-American ancestry.
Cuban Americans, on the other hand, do not appear to have substantially higher rates of diabetes than non-Hispanic whites Rogers, The high prevalence of diabetes among Mexican Americans is also present in persons 65 and over.
Data from the Hispanic EPESE indicate that approximately 23 percent of elderly Mexican Americans report Lation been told by a doctor that they have diabetes compared with approximately 10 percent in the general population National Center for Health Statistics, This finding underscores the much higher negative consequences of diabetes among Mexican Americans, including higher mortality rates.
Other diseases of high prevalence in Hispanics, including the elderly, include infectious and parasitic diseases, influenza and pneumonia, tuberculosis, and gallstone disease, at least in Mexican Americans Carter-Pokra, ; Vega and Amaro, Gallstone disease appears to be associated with the population's high degree of American-Indian admixture, much like the case with diabetes Smericans and Stern, ; Mauer et al.
Latino americans profile by Mauer et al. Recent research in San Antonio has found that for Mexican Americans of both sexes the risk for hip fracture is lower than for other whites, but higher than for African Americans.
Other research showed that Mexican-American women are at substantially lower risk for vertebral fracture. Both these findings have led to speculation about the need for different recommendations regarding prophylactic treatment for osteoporosis in Mexican-American women compared with other white women Bauer and Deyo, However, these data are based on small numbers of older people.
Data from the Hispanic Americanw show that approximately Ginkgo sexual health percent of Mexican-American elderly report having arthritis compared with over 50 percent in the general elderly population Guralnik et al.
While data on mortality and disease prevalence are important in describing the health status of populations, functional health indicators also provide information that is particularly important among the elderly. Data on the functional limitations of Hispanic elderly have been lacking until recently. The recently conducted Hispanic EPESE makes it possible to compare data on specific functional limitations among Free nude celebirties elderly in the Southwest with national estimates for whites and African Americans.
Table presents such comparisons for five activities of daily living. On bathing and Lation out of a bedMexican Americans report greater difficulty than whites but less than nonwhites. Data from a survey of elderly Hispanics permits comparisons across the ethnic subgroups on rates of difficulty with activities of daily living and instrumental activities of daily living. Regarding the activities of daily living bathing, dressing, eating, etc.
Older Puerto Ricans and Mexican Americans tend to report greater difficulty in performing instrumental activities of daily living preparing meals, managing money, shopping, housework, etc. The data also confirm Corticoesteroides intramuscular en cavidad oral Hispanic elderly face higher rates of limitation on both categories of activities than does the general population of elderly persons see Ramirez de Arellano, Self-assessed health is frequently used as Latino americans profile indicator of global health status because Porno wiki correlates with the entire range of health outcomes, including mortality and use of health care.
Self-assessments are the result of complex subjective processes that are influenced by culture and temperament, as well as by actual health status Angel and Guarnaccia, ; Angel and Thoits, Nude twink boy Of course, factors besides group membership influence self-assessments of health.
For example, findings from the Hispanic HANES show that although Puerto Ricans consistently rate their health as poorer than do Mexican Americans, for individuals in either group, depression lowers self-assessments of health independently of physician's evaluations. Among the elderly, social interaction, such as attending church, seeing friends, and engaging in group activities, is associated with better self-assessed health.
In one study, social involvement of this sort proflle accounts for the difference in self-assessed health between elderly Mexican Americans and Puerto Ricans Angel and Angel,
Hispanic and Latino Americans have made distinguished contributions to the United States in all major fields, such as politics, the military, music, film, literature, sports, business and finance, and science. Arts and entertainment. In , the American Latino Media Arts Award, or ALMA Award was created. May 05, · About 1 in 6 people living in the US are Hispanic (almost 57 million). By , this could be nearly 1 in 4. Hispanics are about 50% more likely to die from diabetes or liver disease than whites. Hispanics or Latinos are the largest racial/ethnic minority population in the US. Heart disease and. The demographics of Hispanic and Latino Americans depict a population that is the second-largest ethnic group in the United States, 52 million people or % of the national population, of them, 47 Million are American citizens.
Latino americans profile. INTRODUCTION
Data from the Hispanic EPESE indicate that approximately 23 percent of elderly Mexican Americans report having been told by a doctor that they have diabetes compared with approximately 10 percent in the general population National Center for Health Statistics, It is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts. Bastida E. Main article: List of U. American Samoa. West Virginia. This email address is already subscribed. Research by Mauer et al. Knowledge Center. As mentioned above, type 2 diabetes develops through a combination of genetic risk background, weight history through life, and non-modifiable and modifiable risk factors. The HbA1c target could be as high as 8.
About Pew Research Center Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping the world. It conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research.
The Latino population in the United States has reached nearly 58 million in and has been the principal driver of U. The Latino population itself has evolved during this time, with changes in immigration, education and other characteristics. The Hispanic population has reached a new high, but growth has slowed. All racial groups are single race non-Hispanic. The slowing of Hispanic population growth is occurring as immigration to the U.