Buddha Emperor Tran Nhan Tong: Biography and Monastic Career Tran Nhan Tong is considered by Vietnamese historians to be a wise emperor who had…

tran nhan tong

tran nhan tong Vietnamese historians consider him a heroic emperor who contributed to the continued development of Dai Viet, and he is regarded as one of Vietnam’s eight national heroes. In addition, he is also known as the founder of the Truc Lam Zen school, a Zen lineage with a sense of Vietnamese Buddhist identity and entry into the world that does not leave the world and is not in the real world.

tran nhan tong

Statue of King Tran Nhan Tong on Yen Tu Mountain

I. About the biography of Buddha Emperor Tran Nhan Tong

tran nhan tong Whose real name is Tran Kham, he was born on the 11th day of the 11th lunar month of the Horse year (December 7, 1258). He is the eldest son of King Tran Thanh Tong and Nguyen Thanh Thien Cam Queen Tran Thi Thieu.

According to Dai Viet historical records, Tran Kham was born with “golden complexion, perfect body, bright soul”, so his father and grandfather, Emperor Tran Thai Tong, called him Kim Tien Medium. There is also a big black mole similar to a pea on his left shoulder, seeing which the general audience infers that he will do a great job in the future.

tran nhan tong

Biography of Emperor Tran Nhan Tong – 1 of the 8 Heroes of the Vietnamese Nation

In 1274, his father the king ordered Tran Kham to become the crown prince when he was 16. Although he refused the throne, his father did not agree. After that, his father Tran Thanh Tong installed Hung Dao Vuong’s eldest daughter Tran Quoc Tuan as Crown Princess of Tran Kham as well.

Although his family life was peaceful and happy, he loved spiritual practice. He carefully studied the three religions of Buddhism – Taoism – Confucianism, and at the same time achieved high qualifications in other areas such as: military, arithmetical calendar, astronomy and music.

Because of his desire to become a Buddhist monk, he repeatedly asked for the crown prince throne to be handed over to his younger brother, Tran Duc Việp, but his father did not accept it. Once at night, he crossed the citadel and entered the Yen Tu mountain. After Tran Thanh Tong and the queen learned the news, they sent troops to find him and request his return to the capital. He reluctantly returned to the palace.

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tran nhan tong

Resistance war against the Mongol-Nguyen army in the 13th century of the Tran dynasty

In 1278, he ascended the throne and took over the governorship of Tran Nhan Tông. However, early in his ascension to the throne, Dai Viet’s independence was threatened by the Nguyễn-Mộng army in the north.

Therefore, when the Yuan-Mong army arrived, he immediately put aside his practice of studying the Buddhadharma and used his clever strategy and ability to unite all people to fight the enemy. As a result, he and the generals defeated the Nguyen-Mong army twice and secured the country’s borders.

tran nhan tong

Yen Tu Mountain – the birthplace of the Truc Lam Yen Tu Zen sect with a distinct identity of the Vietnamese nation

After a reign of 14 years, in 1293 he abdicated the throne to his son Tran Thuyen (later King Tran Anh Tong). In October 1299, he was ordained as a monk at Yen Tu Mountain (in present-day Quang Ninh Province), took the name Truc Lam Dai Dau Da, and became the ancestor of the Truc Lam Yen Tu Zen sect.

From 1298 he assumed the guise of a hermit and preached everywhere. The doctrine of Avatar Buddhism initiated by him calls upon believers not to give up worldly life, not to force themselves to do penance, but to uphold the teachings of humanity and always remember the roots. His lectures have attracted thousands of people to listen and imbibe the ideas.

tran nhan tong

Temple Festival of King Tran Nhan Tong in Thua Thien Hue

In 1308, Tran Nhan Tong died at Ngoa Van Am in Yen Tu Mountain. Because of his great contribution to the nation and the brilliant development of Vietnamese Buddhist philosophy, he was honored by the world as the Buddha Emperor Trần Nhan Tông (i.e., the Buddha King of Vietnam).

Second. About the Spiritual Career of the Buddha Emperor Tran Nhan Tong

After abdicating the throne, he went to practice in Yen Tu and wear a robe and preach everywhere, as well as establish the Truc Lam Zen school – the pride of Vietnamese Buddhism with its core ideology of Buddhism. Avatar Buddhism. Emperor Tran Nhan Tong skillfully combined religion and life. With all my heart for the development of the country and the happiness of the people.

tran nhan tong

The Truc Lam Yen Tu Zen Sect maintains a strong sense of commitment to life.

While practicing, he skillfully mixed between the three Zen lines of Vo Ngon Thong, Thao Duong and Bi-ni-da-luu-chi, in addition he combined the ideas of Buddhism – Confucianism – Laotian. Teacher. This is why the Buddha depicts the compassion and open-mindedness of Emperor Tran Nhan Tong.

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He devoted his entire life to defending Vietnamese Buddhist thought as well as the country’s independence. Therefore, with outstanding qualities in the struggle and stability of the Vietnamese nation, he was registered as one of the Eight Heroes of Vietnam.

Third. Monks at Ba Wang Pagoda practice pioneering qualities, following the Truc Lam Yen Tu Zen line

following in the footsteps of the master tran nhan tongWhen we study Buddhism, we learn to live in harmony with the world and nature without disconnecting from reality, as well as applying the Buddhist spirit of rebirth in the right way to benefit the present life of mankind .

In a history of thousands of years of ups and downs, Ba Vang Pagoda – the ancient temple of Truc Lam Yen Tu Zen Sect has been gradually disseminating Buddhist teachings to benefit the world, improving the solidarity and mutual affection of every Vietnamese person. Is.

tran nhan tong

A corner of the Ba Wang Pagoda – the sacred and superficial temple of Quang Ninh Province

At present, the Sangha of Ba Wang Pagoda still holds on to the practice of restraining the body and mind, removing sufferings with the first desire to save oneself, the second to save sentient beings in order to preserve the Buddha Dharma for a long time. is of. World.

In this, the monks used to practice by staying in the forest day and night and used to practice eating once a day. Because when the Buddha was in the world, he ate once a day, often practiced meditation in the forest, sleeping under a tree, such a quiet forest environment would be great for yogis to practice.

IV. Buddha celebrating the 765th anniversary of the birth of Emperor Tran Nhan Tong

Thus, the continuation of the spirit of the Truc Lam Yen Tu Zen sect by the Vietnamese nation is to preserve the lifeline of the Buddhadharma. Because the spirit of Truc Lam Yen Tu meditation is “harmony with the world”, coming into reality, engaging in worldly life and making life brighter and brighter without giving up everything or leaving the present.

Therefore, based on each person’s ability, we will show our life outlook in the middle of life. Because only by being deeply rooted in life can we find a way out of suffering and enter nirvana right now without needing to go to the next realm to find it.

tran nhan tong

Gratitude is expressed for the birthday of the Buddha Emperor Tran Nhan Tong at Ba Van Pagoda

It has been 715 years since the death of Buddha Emperor Tran Nhan Tong, but the values ​​that Buddha left for the world still live on.

It can be said that Buddha Emperor Tran Nhan Tong is not only the pride of the Vietnamese nation, but also a great hero for mankind to study forever. Buddhist objects Hopefully this article will help you better understand the life and spiritual career of this emperor.

Wish you Amitabh Buddha!